HAZARD IDENTIFICATION , RISK ASSESSMENT AND MANAGEMENT
YAWAR HASSAN KHAN
METHODOLOGY :FIVE STEPS TO FOLLOW
DETERMINE THE CONSEQUENCES
DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD
ASSESS THE RISK
MANAGE THE RISK
How to identify hazards
HOW TO DETERMINE THE CONSEQUENCES
The tool incorporates 5 consequences factors against which a hazard could impact,
1. Objectives / Financial, (AObjectives)
2. Degree of Harm (to Staff, Patient, Visitor or Member of the Public), (BHarm)
3. Claims & Complaints / Patient Experience, (CExperience)
4. Impact on Services / Business Interruption / Projects, (DService
5. Adverse Publicity / Reputation/ Inspection / Audit / Enforcement Action. (EExternal)
HOW TO DETERMINE THE LIKELIHOOD
Once you have determined the consequence (for each of the hazards you identified),
you will need to determine the likelihood of the level of consequence you have
identified being realised. Remember it’s the likelihood of the consequence
occurring, not how often the activity takes place.
It is also important that any existing control measures are taken into account when
determining the likelihood score. The derived score should also evaluate whether:
the control adequately addresses the hazard
the control measure is documented and communicated
the control measure is in operation and applied consistently.
HOW TO ASSESS THE RISK
The risk score is determined by multiplying the consequence and likelihood scores you have recorded for each hazard
To assess the risk associated with hazards you have identified, ask the following questions:
How likely is the hazard to cause harm to someone?
What is the worst possible damage the hazard could cause in terms of human suffering and cost if you don't resolve the problem?
How many people are exposed to the risk? Sometimes it may be the amount of time workers spend on an activity that creates the safety risk, rather than the nature of the work task itself. Everyone is different. A hazard may also pose more risk to some people more than others because of differences in physical strength, experience, training etc.
HOW TO MANAGE THE RISK
Level 1: Eliminate the hazard
Level 2: Substitute the hazard with a safer alternative
Level 3: Isolate the hazard
Level 4: Use engineering controls
Level 5: Use administrative controls
Level 6: Use personal protective clothing and equipment (PPCE) .
LIFE CYCLE RISK MANAGEMENT